Social Research Problem Formulation – On this occasion sosiologi.co.id will discuss material on Social Research Problem Formulation which will be explained starting from the understanding, characteristics, types, examples, concepts, function papers, structures and papers. Let’s look at the discussion below:
Definition of Research Problem Formulation
The formulation of research problems in social science is the result of problematization which is expressed in the form of questions.
The question in question is of course a research question. The experience of several students shows that making a research problem statement is not easy.
Actually this really depends on the mastery of researchers on the issue under study. If you master the issue of gender inequality, making research questions about gender is not as difficult as imagined.
How does gender inequality shape the division of labor in Dani households? For example, such a research question about Dani ethnic gender relations.
In this article we will try to elaborate on the formulation of research problems in the social science field. Technically speaking, making a problem statement is easy enough if you know the tricks.
Example Formulation of Social Research Problems
In social science, there are quantitative and qualitative approaches. Simply put, the formulation of qualitative research problems differs from quantitative.
One of the main characteristics of quantitative problem formulation is to mention the variable and the term ‘influence’ explicitly, though not always. For example, how does brand awareness influence consumption behavior of young people in the mall.
While qualitative research, usually focus on meaning. For example, how do women mountain climbers interpret mountain climbing activities?
In short we can know that the formulation of the problem of quantitative social research emphasizes the relationship between variables. Whereas qualitative emphasizes the exploration and interpretation of social meaning.
How do you Create a Social Research Problem Statement?
One trick that is not just technical I explain here. This trick has a theoretical foundation, it can also help you formulate research problem formulations.
The theory I mean is about sociological imagination. What is sociological imagination? Link personal issues to the social context. Remember that social research does not focus on personal or individual problems, but rather on social problems.
But in reality, novice students or researchers are asked to look for research ideas that are close to their individual lives or experiences.
Not infrequently, researchers take research topics that are relevant to their daily lives. For example, those who watch Korean dramas every day intend to research Drakor’s Fandom Identity Construction on Social Media.
According to him k-pop fans are divided into two big groups that are in conflict with each other.
But the problem is how to formulate a problem about that. Apparently, there are no social problems that need to be solved, except internal sentiments among k-pop fans.
For this reason, sociological imagination needs to be activated.
I will illustrate another example. This example can be used to practice how to activate our sociological imagination.
Once again, sociological imagination is making connections between individual problems and social problems. If we can connect individual problems to social problems, then we can find ideas for research.
For example, in a supermarket you see a shoplifting buyer, remove a barcode of an item, put it in his pocket, and sneak out of the supermarket. We think that the act is criminal and that person is a criminal.
We can just research about crime in supermarkets. But committing crimes is a personal matter of the shoplifting person.
When we make a problem statement, then we don’t focus on how he shoplifts so that it works or whatever the stages are, even the preparation. Not in that direction the social research conducted.
Instead we must make personal problem connections to social contexts. That is, focus on what is the social problem of the community.
One problem that can be done is about how shopping centers in urban areas such as supermarkets organize their security systems to avoid crime.
The use of CCTV is a technical prevention. But social science students will ask why surveillance cameras need to be installed. Does the existence of the camera reflect the relationship between seller and buyer based on mistrust? Or is the environment around the supermarket a criminal environment where shoplifting is a reasonable risk that needs to be installed CCTV?
By questioning the existence of CCTV, you are trying to make a case where shoplifting behavior in the supermarket you are witnessing is a social problem that must be researched and solved.
You are not asking about how the crime is shoplifting, but you are asking how organizing a security system in a supermarket reflects the level of crime in a city.
Sociological imagination helps you connect between individual criminal behavior with social problems in the form of crime in urban areas.
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